Shivappa Nayaka is a notable and famous ruler in Nayaka Dynasty in Southern part of India. He belongs to Keladi Nayaka Kingdom
Rule of Shivappa Nayaka
Shivappa Nayaka ruled the entire part of Karnataka from 1645 to 1660. He was popularly known as Keladi Shivappa Nayaka, was a notable ruler of the Keladi Nayaka Kingdom.
Keladi Nayakas were successors of the Vijayanagara Empire in the coastal and Malnad (hill) districts of Karnataka, in the late 16th century. At their peak, the Nayakas built a niche kingdom comprising the coastal, hill and some interior districts (Bayaluseeme) of modern Karnataka, before succumbing to the Kingdom of Mysore in 1763, which at that time was ruled by Hyder Ali. He was known as Sistina Shivappa Nayaka because he introduced a tax system called Sist.
10 Facts about Shivappa Nayaka
- Shivappa Nayaka. 1645-1660, Keladi Nayaka Kingdom, Karnataka.
- The rulers of this dynasty were Lingayat who effectively wielded Shastra and Shaastra!
He ascended the throne when the Vijayanagar Kingdom was at its weakest, ruled by one of its last rulers!
- He was an able administrator and an exceptional soldier
- He introduced ‘Sist’, a very effective revenue settlement system. This system taxed lands according to the soil, water supply and crops growing so that it was truly fair for farmers.
- He captured the Dharwad territory from the Bijapur Sultanate effectively.
- In the south, he fiercely attacked the Portuguese and captured several of their forts and ports (Mangalore, Kundapura and Honnavar) and brought them under his administration that was fair to his people.
- He effectively destroyed Portuguese dominance over Karnataka and Kerala.
- Although tolerant towards all religions, the Hindu Advaita order and philosophy flourished in his rule. Several “Muthths’ were established under his patronage.